The Weathering Magazine Issue 19 LINK !!BETTER!!
As Dr. Geronimus noted herself in the interview, the negative effects of weathering on the health of Black people and people of color are unlikely to go anywhere until we fix issues of structural racism and discrimination.
The Weathering Magazine Issue 19 LINK
Elemental and isotopic behaviour of Zn in Deccan basalt weathering profiles: Chemical weathering from bedrock to laterite and links to Zn deficiency in tropical soils (2017) Journal Article Suhr, N., Schoenberg, R., Chew, D., Rosca, C., Widdowson, M., & Kamber, B. S. (2018). Elemental and isotopic behaviour of Zn in Deccan basalt weathering profiles: Chemical weathering from bedrock to laterite and links to Zn deficiency in tropical soils. The Science of the total environment, 619-620, 1451-1463.
Zinc (Zn) is a micronutrient for organisms and essential for plant growth, therefore knowledge of its elemental cycling in the surface environment is important regarding wider aspects of human nutrition and health. To explore the nature of Zn cycling... Read More about Elemental and isotopic behaviour of Zn in Deccan basalt weathering profiles: Chemical weathering from bedrock to laterite and links to Zn deficiency in tropical soils.
Numerous systems with detailed classification of soil are in existence. Most of them are based on a variety of complex criteria, such as material type and properties like the amount of organic material, presence of clay layers, and the presence of oxidation or reduction iron-rich horizons, as well as depositional characteristics, its landform morphology and depositional formation processes. Many of these have been developed for use in fields such as agronomy and geotechnics. This paper focuses on the classification of the soil by determining its materials, their origin and the geological processes that shape them, following these basic assumptions: (1) The soil initially comes from the weathering of a parent substrate that can be either sedimentary deposits (for example, alluvial or fluvial) or of any type of rock (igneous, metamorphic or sedimentary), (2) the parent substrate structure is composed by original sequential facies (e.g. foliation, igneous cumulates or stratigraphic intercalation of sedimentary layers), (3) the physical and chemical weathering and the biogenic activity and productivity processes that occur in the soil modify both the original structure and the constituents of the parental substrate, resulting in the formation of new materials, the conservation of others, and the overprint of the sequential facies of the soil (horizons A, B and C) developed on the original parental sequential facies, additionally (4) some materials will be lost from the system and others will be incorporated into it. Finally, a strictly compositional-mineralogical classification of soil is also proposed, which corresponds essentially to the main groups of minerals: silicates, carbonates, phosphates, oxides and hydroxides, sulfates, organic rich matter, nitrates, sulphides, borates, native elements and halides, named in sedimentology as monomaterials, plus the polymaterials or rock fragments (RF). This classification offers an advantage when examining materials that are not genetically linked to the parent substrates, making each soil profile unique, by highlighting the role played by the parental materials in this process. This classification is intended to complement, but not replace any existing soil classification.
Sulfate and salts rich soils: The sulfates are minerals that contain the anion SO 2/4. A salt is a chemical compound formed by cations (positively charged ions) linked to anions (negatively charged ions) by an ionic bond. Include soils with sulfates (gypsum) and salts (halite). They form in soil the following sedimentary materials: particles, weathering alteration microcrystalline materials, pseudo particles, and authigenic microcrystalline to mega-crystalline materials.